Roll Bearing Made of Sialon Ceramics In Continuous Galvanizing Pot

Steel materials used as continuous submerged fusion galvanizing line materials are dissolved due to their reaction to fusion galvanization. In particular, the shaft and bearing portions of submerged rolls are exposed to mechanical stress due to sliding friction, thereby showing considerable wear, which is an impediment to improving productivity and quality. Molten aluminum related products with excellent thermal shock resistance have been shown to improve productivity and quality, so the use of a structural ceramic (Sialon) for submerged roll bearings was considered.

Explanation of Product

Figure 1 is a diagram of the continuous submerged fusion galvanizing process. The direction of a steel plate submerged in a zinc pot at 460°C-480°C is changed by the sink roll positioned near the central bottom portion of the pot, and the support rolls also positioned in the pot reduce the vibration of the plate and monitor and control its direction.

Figure 1: The Continuous Submerged Fusion Galvanizing Process

The use of sialon was considered for the bearings of support rolls and sink rolls. Figure 2 shows sialon sink roll bearings.

Figure 2: Sialon Sink Roll Bearings

To prevent breakage of the sialon adapted for this purpose, a new shape was designed to prevent core slippage, interstices were installed in the bearings and standard maintenance procedures were established for re-assembly. Figure 3 shows the standard configuration for sink roll bearings when adapted for Sialon shafts.

Figure 3: Structure of Sink Roll Bearings

As shown in Figure 4, practical use has shown that sialon bearings show little wear, and, due to their smoothness, there is little abrasion between these bearings and the shafts. Chart 1 shows a comparison of the average radial abrasion loss and wear and abrasion resistance of Sialon and WC-Co molten sprayed material, which is what was conventionally used. This comparison is for when conventional WC-Co molten sprayed material was used for roll shafts. As shown in Chart 1, the use of Sialon for bearings greatly increased wear and abrasion resistance. As a result of the introduction of Sialon bearings, bearing life was significantly increased, line speed was improved and A their introduction eliminates submerged bar replacement caused by bearings, increases operation days and significantly improves productivity.

Figure 4: View of Bearing Following Use

Chart 1: Comparison of Wear and Abrasion Resistance
  Average radial abrasion loss (mm per day) Comparison of wear and abrasion resistance
(thermal sprayed material/Sialon)
  Sialon WC-Co thermal sprayed material
Support roll bearing 0.0005 0.30~0.50 Approx. 1,000 times
Sink roll bearing 0.0017 0.33 Approx. 200 times


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